Teaching Narrative Composition by Using Pictures Series
Posted February 28, 2011on:
teaching narrative composition
Basically, one of the target of teaching and learning in English at school is to make the students are able to communicate both in oral and in written language. Writing in English has important part besides the three skills in English (listening, speaking and reading). Through writing, people can communicate with others across places and time. But, students’ inability to communicate through written language appears to be problematic at school. Most students are poor writers. When they read textbooks at school to improve their writing skill, they get frustrated in writing. In the past, conventional teaching approaches primarily focuses on vocabulary and grammar lesson. Therefore, the effectiveness of using such teaching approaches is limited. Most students are still unable to communicate with other through written language. Here, pictures series have some importance and benefits if they are used as media to teach writing. But on the other hand, the use of pictures series also has some negative sides.
Since students generally feel frustrated and afraid to learn English, it is important for teachers to use instructional methods such as pictures series to increase students’ writing skill. Pictures series can be used to develop students’ writing skill. They are read by means of illustration of the story depends on what the students visualization. Pictures series help students to be inspired to have more creative ideas. By the detail illustration offered by pictures series, students are able to write good sentences which are arranged into good stories effectively. Pictures series are used as additional tools to motivate students to develop their vocabulary to express their ideas. By having many vocabularies, students can be guided to expand their sentences. They are also potential to develop their writing skill. Beside that, students have more flexibility and freedom to write what they want to express by using pictures series. They are able to write well-developed story so that they can share with others. Moreover, pictures series are excellent device in providing both in purpose and contain for writing activity. Pictures series not only provide students with the basic materials but also stimulate their imaginative powers (Heaton, 1975). Then, one way to get students write their creative ideas is by using interesting pictures series. Like what people say that “a picture is worth a thousand words”.
There are some benefits that will be gotten by using pictures series in the teaching writing activity. They are:
1. Pictures series create the enjoyment in the writing process.The use pictures series is one successful way to motivate students in learning English writing. It is an interesting way for the students. Teaching writing by using pictures series provide motivation for students to write. Pictures series can be used as device to create students’ enjoy feeling in the writing process. When the students environment is fun, they will be freer and more confident to share their feelings, ideas, and thoughts in writing. Then, the results of the students’ writing will be better when they use pictures series as their guide in writing their narrative story.
2. Pictures series develop students’ creativity in writing. “A picture is worth a thousands words”. Pictures can develop students’ creative thinking skill. Students can develop their stories based on pictures series they see freely. This activity leads them to think about what they have never thought before. Students have to create their own stories by using pictures series they have. This activity expands their cognitive ability. They are able to write good stories with longer good sentences to develop their narrative composition. In this case, students can learn how to write stories in complete sentences and to develop their ideas to be better to describe the pictures series. Then they are able to produce meaningful stories.
3. Pictures series can increase students’ vocabulary. Pictures series are suitable media to introduce new English vocabulary to the students. They are also the appropriate media for teaching and learning process, especially when these media are given in the right technique to make the learning activity runs well. In writing activity, the biggest problem for the students is their limited vocabulary. They usually use their dictionaries or try to find other references such as from internet to fulfill or finish their stories. From these references they will find some difficult words and they do not know how to use them in real life situation. In this case, the use of pictures series as media to increase students’ vocabulary is needed. By using pictures series, students learn how to use their new vocabulary in writing. When the students have more vocabulary, their ideas in writing will be easier to be developed.
On the other hand, there are two negative sides of using pictures series to teach writing to the students. Firs of all, students are not able to use oral language skill effectively. In this case, students find difficulties in presenting their writing in front of the class. They cannot present their stories fluently and communicatively. Therefore, teachers need to give the chances for the students to practice dialog or monolog in the stories they made before. Another negative side of using pictures series as media to teach writing is the teachers do not have enough time to teach and evaluate the writing process. In the writing process, students are given such pictures series to be done into narrative composition. Students have to work by their own. Teachers only give them some important rules which are usually become unclear directions. Teachers do not have enough time to guide them well, especially when the class consists of big number of students.
In conclusion, the use of media such as pictures series is needed in teaching and learning process, especially in writing a narrative composition.
Pictures series can motivate the students. Pictures not only provide the students with basic material for composition, but also stimulate their imaginative power so that they will have a concept in their mind about what they are going to write. In other words, pictures series also help the students to visualize the object before they start to write a narrative composition. Therefore, the students can compose their ideas easily because pictures series can give them more information about the object clearer by looking at the pictures series. But on the other hand, there are two negative sides of using pictures series to teach writing to the students. Students are not able to use oral language skill effectively. Beside that, the teachers do not have enough time to teach and evaluate the writing process.